September 28, 2023
Components of Physical Fitness

What Is Health-Related Components of Physical Fitness? Health-related components of physical fitness are those that promote and maintain the health of the body and, in some cases, reduce the risk of disease and illness.

As opposed to components that measure physical ability, such as strength and flexibility, health-related components help you understand your risk factors, what to do about them, and how to avoid them.


The American College of Sports Medicine defines the six general components that they believe contribute to an individual’s overall health: strength, flexibility, balance, endurance, muscle tone and body composition. However, there are other factors to consider when discussing health related components.

For example, each component can also be divided into two subgroups:

(1) intrinsic or internal qualities and (2) extrinsic or external qualities. Intrinsic qualities pertain to a person’s body parts and capabilities such as bone strength; on the other hand, extrinsic qualities affect performance by including things like weather conditions. Now let’s get more specific.

First off, here is some information about health-related components for strength. Strength training is any exercise that causes muscles to contract against resistance from momentary muscular tension throughout the range of motion from partial contraction to peak contraction.

It includes exercises done with weights (free weights, weight machines, etc.), elastic tubing and resistance bands. Exercises involving these aids should be performed slowly enough not only so you feel tension on the muscle but so you feel at least some discomfort in your working muscles while contracting them.

 Components of Physical Fitness

Cardiovascular Endurance

The ability to go a long time and keep the heart pumping is an essential health related component of physical fitness. You can develop cardiovascular endurance by jogging, running, cycling, playing basketball or sports that require a lot of activity, or play-fighting with your siblings.

Use these steps to gain cardiovascular endurance:

1) Exercise consistently at least 3 times per week for 20 minutes at a time until you build up to 30 minutes.

2) Increase the intensity each week to make sure that your body has to work harder.

3) Have a rest day where you do no exercise but continue to drink water, eat healthy food, and rest before starting again on the next Monday. Strength: Having strong muscles allows us to do more activities and be more independent in life. Strength is another health-related component of physical strength in our physical fitness as it helps with flexibility as well. To gain strength follow these simple steps below:

4) Work out at least three times a week for 45 minutes.

5) Keep doing different weightlifting exercises every few days.

6) After 10 weeks of consistent training increase weights.

7) As soon as pain sets in during workout reduce weight lifted.

Muscular Strength

The health-related components of Muscular Strength can be tested with push-ups and pull-ups. Push-ups measure muscular strength in the lower body, including the quadriceps, hamstrings, and gluteal muscles. Pull-ups are a test for upper body strength. You should be able to perform at least six or more repetitions with good form to pass this test. Try three sets of twelve repetitions. Rest two minutes between each set.

If you have any questions, please contact your doctor or our office staff. We hope this post has helped answer some of your questions about what health related component of physical fitness is. Our aim is always to provide as much information as possible so that you may make educated decisions. If we haven’t answered all your questions, please contact us so we can provide more details on how health related components affect one’s overall health.

 Components of Physical Fitness

Muscular Endurance

Health related components to have in muscular endurance include doing a chin up, push-ups, and sit-ups. Pulling our own weight, such as carrying your kids or groceries is also essential for building strong muscles. Things that work the upper body area can help as well. When looking for workout routines, talk to your doctor first before starting any type of program.

Keep in mind that workouts should be about 45 minutes long and five days a week to increase muscular endurance. Incorporate core exercises into every session because it will improve stability and strength which means you’ll be able to go longer without getting tired.

Cardiovascular Endurance: Health related components to have in cardiovascular endurance include running or jogging at moderate intensity for an hour, aerobic exercise on an elliptical machine for 20 minutes, swimming laps at an all-out pace for half an hour, using hand weights while walking fast for 15 minutes on the treadmill.

Building these types of routines will take time but they can give your health benefits later down the road by lowering your blood pressure and heart rate while reducing your risk factors from diabetes or heart disease.


One health related component of physical fitness is flexibility. Flexibility can be used to strengthen your body and decrease chances of injury. Stretching exercises, such as lying with your back flat on the ground and extending one arm or leg at a time without lifting it off the ground, or balancing on one foot for about 30 seconds, are great ways to maintain your body’s flexibility.

With a healthy range-of-motion (the ability to move every joint in your body), you can also stay strong, light, and ready for action with fluid movements. You may not need this now, but as we age, tight muscles often lead to falls and fractures. Studies have shown that people over 65 years old who had never done strength training had a 40% higher risk of falling than those who had strength training.

Maintaining an active lifestyle through endurance activities will help make your bones stronger by adding calcium and other nutrients from food into them which make them more dense. The benefits of a good balance include decreasing pain due to injuries and an increased quality of life because balance allows us to remain independent for longer periods of time without fear that we’ll injure ourselves or others around us. These health-related components can not only keep our bodies functioning properly, but they also keep us happy which improves our quality of life!

 Components of Physical Fitness

Body Composition

There are three health related components of your body composition that can be measured by various methods: body weight, height and Body Mass Index (BMI).

*Body Weight- the measure of an individual’s weight in relation to their height. The index is calculated by dividing one’s weight in kilograms by their height squared in meters. A BMI between 18 and 25 kg/m2 is considered normal, while those with a BMI lower than 18 kg/m2 or higher than 25 kg/m2 might have problems such as underweight or obesity respectively.

*Height- the distance from the floor to the top of one’s head. When used with a person’s weight it provides another good indicator as to whether they are overweight or not. It also gives you an idea of how tall you may grow if you continue on your current path.

Health-Related Components: these include your resting heart rate, blood pressure, cholesterol levels and other vital statistics like the amount of exercise you get. Physical Fitness includes all health-related components which will result in good health for the rest of your life!


In this blog post we talked about the health-related components of physical fitness. We discussed how exercise, diet and sleep all contribute to a healthy lifestyle. The last component is stress management. Stress management is important because it impacts our emotional and mental health.

When we have stress in our lives, we have trouble sleeping, eating right, and exercising properly. These three things can affect your body in a number with ways so it’s important to monitor your levels of stress at all times. Make sure you stay on top of these health-related components by using these tips.

Remember that doing these activities is not only good for you but also those around you. Make sure to check out Part 2: Exercise plays a large role in health-related components of physical fitness. It increases circulation which promotes better sleep and clearer skin. It also helps regulate your weight, boost your metabolism, and burn calories.

It improves muscle tone which is great for posture as well as relieves pain from conditions like arthritis or fibromyalgia. Your heart will be stronger too! Diet has an effect on health-related components of physical fitness too! Eating the right foods will promote better health and more energy throughout the day.

For example, including fruits and vegetables in your diet provides vitamins C, A & K which help reduce inflammation and fight chronic diseases like diabetes or cancer. Drinking water every day is another way to keep up with health-related components of physical Fitness.